You might find some of these questions to help you lead a discussion with non-Christians. The goal is to help them understand what the passage is saying, not that they have to agree with it. We leave that up to the Holy Spirit as week after week they read and discuss the Gospel of John with you.
Keep it Simple and Just Ask Two Questions
For each section in a chapter ask:
(1) What does God want us to know?
(2) What does God want us to do?
And/Or ask Chapter Specific Questions
Give a few minutes of quiet for each person to read the story again on their own and note things that are interesting or confusing.
Read the chapter silently then ask the following questions (and any others you may have)
(1) In verses 1-5 what facts does John declare to be true of the Word?
The Word existed in the beginning.
The Word was with God
The Word was God
Word and God are different (He existed in the beginning with God)
God created everything through him
The Word gave life to everything that was created
His life brought light to everyone
(2) According to verse 14 who is the Word?
Jesus ("John testified about him" v15, v29 makes it clear he is testifying about Jesus)
(3) According to v12-13 how does one become a child of God? How does the footnote describe this?
Believe Jesus and accepted him.
(footnote) All who welcome Jesus Christ as Lord of their lives ...
Note, believe means believing and trusting all that Jesus is God and ...
(4) John records more than a dozen names or descriptions of Jesus in this chapter. What are some of these?
Jesus Christ v17 (Christ (Greek) is not last name, but Messiah (Hebrew) both mean "the anointed one")
Lamb of God v29 and v36
Messiah v31, 41
Chosen One of God v34
Son of God v49
the King of Israel v49
(5) According to verses 14-18, what specific aspects of God's character are revealed to us through Jesus?
(6) What steps did John take to guarantee that people would not look at him but at Christ?
(7) According to v29 why was Jesus called the Lamb of God? How did Jesus take away the sins of the world?
(Share Gospel in pages v to xi)
(8) In verses 35-51 we are introduced to five men: Andrew, Simon, Philip, Nathanael and one unnamed disciple (John). How did each man respond to the testimony he heard about Jesus?