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Types and Configurations of Industrial Robotic Arms

Creation date: Jul 27, 2023 7:18am     Last modified date: Jul 27, 2023 7:18am   Last visit date: Feb 29, 2024 2:09am
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Jul 27, 2023  ( 1 post )  
7/27/2023
7:18am
Koda List (koda34)

Industrial robotic arms have become indispensable tools in modern manufacturing, providing precision, efficiency, and versatility in various industries. These robotic systems come in different types and configurations, each tailored to specific applications and tasks.

 

Articulated Robots: Articulated robots are the most common type of industrial robotic arm. They consist of rotary joints connected by linkages, resembling a human arm. These robots can move with multiple degrees of freedom, allowing for complex movements and positioning. Their versatility makes them ideal for tasks like material handling, welding, assembly, and painting in automotive, electronics, and aerospace industries.

 

SCARA (Selective Compliance Articulated Robot Arm) Robots: SCARA robots are designed for high-speed and precise horizontal movements. They have two parallel rotary joints and one linear joint, providing compliance in the horizontal plane while remaining rigid vertically. This configuration makes them well-suited for tasks requiring fast and accurate pick-and-place operations, such as assembly and packaging in electronics and pharmaceutical industries.

 

Cartesian Robots: Cartesian robots, also known as gantry robots or linear robots, have three linear axes of motion (X, Y, and Z) perpendicular to each other. They move along fixed linear paths, making them suitable for applications that require straight and precise movements. Cartesian robots are often used in pick-and-place tasks, palletizing, and CNC machining.

 

Delta Robots: Delta robots have a unique parallel kinematic structure, consisting of three arms connected to a common base. The end-effector moves in three-dimensional space using only linear actuators. These robots are highly efficient in high-speed pick-and-place operations, such as packaging, food processing, and assembly of small components.

 

Polar Robots: Polar robots, also known as spherical robots, have a polar coordinate system with rotary joints at the base and a spherical workspace. Their design enables precise and smooth movements in all directions, making them ideal for applications like material handling, painting, and welding in automotive and aerospace industries.

 

Collaborative Robots (Cobots): Collaborative robots are designed to work safely alongside human operators without the need for safety barriers. They can be of various configurations, including articulated and SCARA. Cobots are becoming increasingly popular in industries where human-robot collaboration enhances productivity and flexibility.