CNUT THE GREAT — ONE MAN, ONE MYTH, AND ONE VIKING MONSTER OF MANY KINGS
Cnut Sweynsson, also known as Cnut the Great, was an administrator of England, Denmark, Norway, and parts of Sweden. His territory was often referred to as the North Sea Empire, or the Union of Angle-Scandinavian Kingdoms, and Cnut was one of Europe's most powerful administrators during the 11th century. Cnut was also a city administrator. outstanding work and energy for fully suppressing various parts of his Empire. After his death, the Beihai Empire rapidly declined. To fade into oblivion as a Dane once ruled England, due to the emergence of another foreign invasion, also known as the Norman Conquest, which took place several decades after Cnut's death.
Cnut the Great was born sometime between 985 and 995 AD. His father is Sweyn Forkbeard, and his mother's identity is unclear. According to various medieval documents, Cnut's mother was the daughter of Mieszko I of Poland. In some other documents, Cnut's mother has no identity, she is just called Gunhild. It was also announced that Cnut's mother was Sigrid the Arrogant, the former Queen of Sweden whom Sweyn had married after her husband's death.
SWEYN FORKBEARD — Father of CNUT THE GREAT AND A HIGHLY VIKING KING
We all know more about Sweyn than his wife. Cnut's father was a mighty Viking warrior who came to power over all of Denmark in 986 AD, following the death of Sweyn's father. In 1000, Sweyn overcame and devastated Olaf I Trygvessön, King of Norway. The kingdom was then torn apart by an alliance of Danes and Swedes. In 1013, shortly before his death, Sweyn conquered England. It was Sweyn who built the North Sea Empire. After his death, the Empire gradually declined as Norway, Denmark, and England were ruled by different kings, respectively. In Denmark, one of Sweyn's sons, Harald II, inherited the throne. In Norway, Sweyn passed it on to Olaf II. In England, Aethelred II is king.
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After the death of his father, Cnut was placed in command of the Danish army at Gainsborough, England. Little is known about Cnut's previous life. In practice, he seemed like an atypical figure that stood out until 1013. That was the year Sweyn launched his invasion of England and Cnut stood with his father on the road to spread. sovereignty. As Sweyn continued the campaign, Cnut remained in Gainsborough to command the troops stationed there. When Sweyn died, the Danish army honored Cnut as the new king of England. However, the English nobility restored Aethelred to the throne.
AETHELRED'S BACK AND CNUT's PLAN
After being overtaken by Sweyn, Aethelred went into exile in Normandy. When Aethelred received word that the nobility wanted him back as king, he immediately assembled his army and sailed back to England. Realizing his forces were not enough to oppose Aethelred, Cnut left England and returned to Denmark. When the Danes sailed across Sandwich Island, Cnut murdered all of the hostages the aristocrats had brought back to his father as a pledge of reciprocity, and left the bodies on the shore. This was intended to send a message to the British that those who broke the oath would be punished. And just a few years after the brutal event, Cnut will unleash his vengeance on the British.
When Cnut returned to Denmark, the kingdom was under the control of his comrade Harald. Therefore, he suggested that both friends should manage the country together. Not surprisingly, Harald found the proposal unkind, and instead offered Cnut's assistance to invade England, in exchange for agreeing to abdicate the throne of Denmark. Circuit. Cnut agreed to this comrade's need. In 1015, Cnut assembled an army of ten thousand men and readied himself for invasion. Among those who joined Cnut's army was Erik Hakonarson, Cnut's Norwegian brother-in-law; Thorkell the Wise, a mighty mercenary leader; and Eadric Streona, Duke of Mercia. Thorkell and Eadric joined Cnut after the Danes had flocked to England.
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Cnut pioneered a rush to Wessex, which he conveniently captured. He then attacked and besieged Northumbria, executing the Duke there, Uhtred, for betraying his oath to Sweyn. The Danes continued their conquest of England for the next several months. In April 1016, they descended the Thames, and laid siege to London. Aethelred died during this siege and passed the throne to his son Edmund Ironside. At the Battle of Assandun in October, the British were outnumbered by the Danes, and Edmund was forced to negotiate with Cnut. And in effect, England was divided. Edmund suppressed the Wessex region and Cnut managed the rest. When Edmund died the following January, Cnut became the sole manager in the whole of England.
CNUT SECURE POSITION — MISSION TO THE LATE AETHELRED'S WOMEN
In defense of his position, Cnut behaves decisively and cruelly. As he still could not trust the English nobility after their treachery in 1013, Cnut laid siege to their domain and had them hand over to his men to handle and deal with. This is also a reward for their participation in the campaign as well as protection of loyalty to the masters of these new lords. For example, Erik was made Earl of Northumbria, and Thorkell was made Earl of East Anglia. Moreover, Cnut also had the executioner of English nobles loyal to their masters to Eadwig, Edmund's friend. Cnut also ordered the mass destruction of Edmund's sons, although they attempted to flee to Hungary.