Born: May 28, 1944
Famous For: Became known as "America's Mayor" after the 9-11 terrorist attacks on the World Trade Center. Named 2001 Person of the Year by Time magazine.
Key Accomplishments: As mayor of New York City, he reduced crime, reduced the number of people on welfare and increased tourism. As a lawyer, he enjoyed many high-profile convictions.
Significant Quote: "I believe the people of the city of New York were selected as the people of the year, because of the very brave and heroic way in which they responded from the first moment of the worst attack on the United States ever in our history."
Fun Quote: "It's about time law enforcement got as organized as organized crime."
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Rudolph William Louis Giuliani III was born on May 28, 1944, in Brooklyn, New York. His parents, Harold Angel Giuliani and Helen C. D'Avanzo, were both children of Italian immigrants, and instilled in Giuliani a strong work ethic and respect for the ideal of equal opportunity. He attended a Catholic school on Long Island and then commuted to Brooklyn to attend Bishop Loughlin Memorial High School, where he graduated in 1965. He went on to graduate from Manhattan College in 1965, and then earned a Juris Doctor from New York University School of Law in 1968.
Giuliani soon made a name for himself as a lawyer in the office of the US Attorney for the Southern District of New York, prosecuting medium/high profile cases, including organized crime. At age 29, he became the Chief of the Narcotics Unit and then in 1975, he was recruited to work in Washington D.C. as the Associate Deputy Attorney General and Chief of Staff to the Deputy Attorney General. In 1977, Giuliani returned to private practice in New York.
In 1981, Giuliani was named Associate Attorney General, the third highest position in the Department of Justice. In 1983, he became US Attorney for the Southern District of New York. While in this position, he led successful efforts against organized crime, white collar criminals, drug dealers and corrupt elected officials. Giuliani's more notable cases include the conviction of Wall Street heavyweights Ivan Boesky and Michael Milken for insider trading, and the conviction of Marc Rich and Pincus Green for tax evasion and making illegal oil deals with Iran during the hostage crisis.
In 1993, Giuliani was elected mayor of New York City. He was the first Republican to be elected in that city in a generation. While in office, he reduced overall crime by 56%, launched a successful welfare-to-work program which reduced welfare rolls by nearly 60%, restored fiscal responsibility to New York City and increased tourism through massive urban renewal. He was re-elected in 1997.
After the September 11, 2001 attacks in New York City, Giuliani immediately began leading rescue and recovery efforts and was soon dubbed "America's Mayor" for his media presence. His efforts following the attacks earned him Time magazine's 2001 Person of the Year honors. He was also knighted by Queen Elizabeth II. In 1992, he wrote Leadership, an account of his time as mayor. It became a best seller.
Since leaving the mayor's office, which New York City law limits to two terms, Giuliani formed a security consulting business and also became a partner in the law firm of Bracewell and Patterson LLC (now Bracewell and Giuliani LLC). In 2007, Giuliani once again turned his attention toward politics. On February 5, he filed a statement of candidacy for the 2008 presidential campaign.
Giuliani has been married to Judith S. Nathan, a registered nurse, since May of 2003. It is his third marriage. He has two children, Andrew and Caroline, from his second marriage.